Here is information from the National Institute of Health on diabetes management.
Things to Do Every Day for Good Diabetes Care
- Follow the healthy eating plan that you and your doctor or dietitian have worked out.
- Be active a total of 30 minutes most days. Ask your doctor what activities are best for you.
- Take your medicines as directed.
- Check your blood glucose every day. Each time you check your blood glucose, write the number in a record book.
- Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, sores, swelling, redness, or sore toenails.
- Brush and floss your teeth every day.
- Control your blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Don’t smoke.
- Show your blood glucose records to your health care provider.
- Tell your health care provider if you often have low blood glucose or high blood glucose.
- Talk with your health care provider about how much you should weigh.
- Talk about ways to reach your goal that will work for you.
- The goal for most people with diabetes is less than 130/80. Ask your health care provider about ways to reach your goal.
- Talk with your health care provider about any problems you have had with your medicines.
- Ask your health care provider to check your feet for problems.
- Talk with your health care provider about what you do to stay active.
- Talk about what you eat, how much you eat, and when you eat.
- Ask your health care provider about ways to handle stress.
- If you smoke, talk with your health care provider about how you can quit.
Things for You or Your Health Care Provider to Do at Least Once or Twice a Year
- Have an A1C blood test at least twice a year. Your result will tell you what your average blood glucose level was for the past 2 to 3 months.
- Get a blood test to check your total cholesterol—aim for below 200; LDL—aim for below 100; HDL—men: aim for above 40; women: aim for above 50; triglycerides—aim for below 150.
- Once a year, get a urine test to check for protein. At least once a year, get a blood test to check for creatinine. The results will tell you how well your kidneys are working.
- See an eye care professional once a year for a complete eye exam.
- See your dentist twice a year for a cleaning and checkup.
- Ask your health care provider to check your feet to make sure your foot nerves and your blood circulation are OK.
- Get a flu shot each year.
- Get a pneumonia vaccine if you’re over 64 and your shot was more than 5 years ago.